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Oral Implantology

IMPLANT-ABUTMENT CONNECTIONS ON SINGLE CROWNS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Review, 349 - 353
doi: 10.11138/orl/2017.10.4.349
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Abstract
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Different implant-abutment connections have been developed in the effort of reducing mechanical and biological failure.
The most frequent complications are screw loosening, abutment or implant fracture and marginal bone loss due to overload and bacterial micro-leakage. Ideal connection should work as a one-piece implant avoiding the formation of a micro-gap at the implant-abutment interface. Different in vitro and in vivo researches have been published to compare the implant-abutment connections actually available: external hexagon, internal hexagon and conical finding different amount of micro-gap, micro-leakage and marginal bone loss. The aim of this article is to describe, according to the most recent literature, different kind of fixture-abutment connections and their clinical and mechanical advantages or disadvantages.

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