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Differences between warfarin and new oral anticoagulants in dental clinical practice

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Abstract

The oral anticoagulant therapy is used for the cure and the prevention of thromboembolic diseases. In the last fifty years the warfarin has been considered the oral anticoagulant of choice. However, its use is limited by a narrow therapeutic index and by a complex pharmacodynamics, which requires regular adjustments and monitoring of the dose. Recently, three new oral anticoagulant – dabigatran etexilato (direct thrombin inhibitor), rivaroxaban and apixaban (Xa factor direct inhibitor) – have been approved for use in europe. Increasing the number of patients taking these drugs, it is important that the dentist knows these new oral anticoagulants, their indications and methods of action, in particular for the management of patients, who require invasive treatments. With regard to the management of the patient threated with the new oral anticoagulants (NAO), there have been new significant changes in the procedure compared to the one followed by patients treated with warfarin. This led to the development of new guidelines that the dentist has to follow in order to ensure a safe and appropriate dental treatment and reduce any postoperative complications. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effectiveness of the new oral anticoagulants compared to warfarin, especially in terms of risks of bleeding events and intra and postoperative complications, in patients requiring multiple dental extractions.

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Authors

M. Miranda

L. S. Martinez

R. Franco

V. Forte

A. Barlattani jr.

P. Bollero

How to Cite
Miranda, M., Martinez, L. S., Franco , R., Forte, V., Barlattani jr., A., & Bollero , P. (2016). Differences between warfarin and new oral anticoagulants in dental clinical practice. Oral & Implantology, 9(3), 151–156. Retrieved from https://www.oimplantology.org/oimp/article/view/156
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