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Oral Implantology

LOW-LEVEL LASER THERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF MUSCLE-SKELET PAIN IN PATIENTS AFFECTED BY TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS

Original research, 406 - 411
doi: 10.11138/orl/2017.10.4.406
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Abstract
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Background. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Low-Level Laser Therapy in reducing joint and muscle pain in patients with acute and chronic temporomandibular dysfunction.
Materials and methods. The study was conducted on a sample of 180 patients. The sample was divided into two groups according to the time of onset of the disease: acute TMD (<6 months) and chronic TMD (> 6 months). The treatment for all patients provided for the irradiation with Diode Laser Wiser Doctor Smile with tip plane wave at wavelength of 830 nm, continuous beam to 40nW diameter and radius of 6 mm. The irradiated areas were the joint area, temporal, masseter and pterygoid. The irradiation time for each zone was 60s.The protocol adopted consisted of two weekly treatment for six weeks.
Pain assessment was performed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), in which different scores (s) depending accused of pain by the patient: s0 no pain, s1-3 mild pain, s4-6 moderate pain, s7-9 severe pain and s10 excessive pain. The pain monitoring was performed before treatment, after 15 days and after one month.
Results. The sample included 80 patients with acute TMD and 100 with chronic TMD. The sample belonging to acute TMD group before treatment, was distributed as follows: 0% in s0; 12,5% in s1-3; 31.3% in s4-6; 53.6% in s7-9 and 2.5% in s10. After 15 days the distribution was was as follows: 6.25% in s0; 47.5% in s1-3; 20% in s4-6; 26.3% in s7-9 and 0% in s10. After 30 days the sample was well distributed: 35% in s0; 45% in 1-3; 10% in s4-6; 10% in s7-9 and 0% in s10.
The sample belonging to the chronic TMD group, at time zero, was as follows: 0% at s0; 48% in S1-3; 35% in s4-6; 15% in s7-9 and 2% in s10. After 15 days the distribution was: 29% in s0; 28% in S1-3; 33% in s4-6; 10% in s7-9 and 0% in s10. After 30 days the sample was well distributed: 45% in s0; 36% in S1-3; 15% in s4-6; 4% in s7-9 and 0% in s10.
Conclusions. The Low-Level-Laser-Therapy is a valuable tool that can significantly decrease the perception of pain in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction, acute and chronic.

Vol. XI (No. 1) 2018 January-March

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