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Oral Implantology

OBSTRUCTIVE SITE LOCALIZATION IN PATIENTS WITH OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME: A COMPARISON BETWEEN OTOLARYNGOLOGIC DATA AND CEPHALOMETRIC VALUES

Original research, 295 - 310
doi: 10.11138/orl/2017.10.3.295
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Abstract
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Purpose. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a respiratory disorder characterized by repeated obstructive episodes affecting upper airways.
This study aims at examining the anatomical craniofacial and pharyngeal characteristics of the patient as to identify the obstructive site which triggers the pathologic process.
Correlations between otolaryngologic data observed in the patient and the cephalometric ones for the identification of the obstructive site were also highlighted.
Materials and methods. We worked on a sample of 16 patients, 12 males and 4 females, attended to at the Otolaryngology Operative Unit of Bari University Hospital.
The patients underwent an otolaryngologic (ORL) diagnostic procedure which provided for ApneaGraph (AG) recording, and a dental diagnostic procedure with cephalometric assessment.
Results.The statistical analysis highlighted a strict correlation between the otolaryngologic value of AHI and the cephalometric values of the ANB angle, with the distance between the hyoid bone and the mandibular plane and with the distance between the hyoid bone and the plane passing between C3 and Me.
Conclusions. We observed a concurrence between the ORL diagnosis of the obstruction level assessed with AG and the cephalometric values regarding respiratory tracts (IPAS and SAS). More precisely, we observed the correlation between the otolaryngologic value of AHI with cephalometric values of the ANB angle, with the distance between hyoid bone and mandibular plan, and with the distance between the hyoid bone and the plane passing between C3 and Me. Furthermore, the identification of the caudal position of the hyoid bone can be considered an alarm bell in the diagnosis of severe OSAS.

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    doi: 10.11138/orl/2017.10.3.295
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