DENTOSKELETAL EFFECTS OF THE BITEJUMPING APPLIANCE AND THE TWIN-BLOCK APPLIANCE IN THE TREATMENT OF SKELETAL CLASS II MALOCCLUSION: A RETROSPECTIVE CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL
Research Article, 210 - 219Tag this article
The current retrospective controlled trial aimed to compare the dentoskeletal effects of the Bite-Jumping (BJ) and the Twin-Block Appliance (TB) in the treatment of skeletal Class II malocclusion. The sample was screened for eligibility criteria including skeletal and dental Class II malocclusion; Cervical Vertebral Maturation at Stage 3 at treatment start, and Functional orthopedic treatment with either a TB or BJ appliances. Twenty-three patients treated with TB, and twenty-three treated with BJ were included. Cephalometric data were compared with a control group of 15 untreated subjects retrieved from the American Association of Orthodontists Foundation Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. A significant increase for the AO-BO dimension, and a significant decrease in the overjet, were registered for both study groups respect to controls. TB was more effective than BJ in increasing the mandibular length (Co-Gn), in reducing the ANB angle and changing the SNB angle. The resulting differences between the two groups could be attributed to the different appliances. In conclusion, both appliances demonstrated a clinical efficacy in treating Class II. TB seems therefore better indicated, respect to BJ, in Class II cases with a predominant component of
KEY WORDS: functional jaw orthopedics, class II malocclusion, cephalometrics, growing subjects.