Objective. In the last few decades the implantology has achieved excellent results in the prosthetic rehabilitation of the partially or totally edentulous patients. The clinicians, given the pressing demand by patients, must deal with the situations in which the lack of the availability and sometimes the low quality of the bone can lead to the treatment failure. Although the manufacturers recommend to follow codified surgical protocols, alternative techniques of preparation, apt to ensure a better primary implant stability, have been developed.
The aim of this study was to determine in vitro, by using the resonance frequency (Osstell mentor), which technique of implant site preparation (piezo surgery, conventional, under-preparation, bone compaction, osteodistraction) is able to improve implant stability of type IV cancellous bone.
Methods. 10 pig ribs were prepared, and a surgical pre-drilled and calibrated guide for proper implant placement was used. On each rib, 5 implant sites were prepared, one for each technique.
Results. One-way ANOVA did not show statistically significant differences among the “implant stability quotient” (ISQ) values of the 5 techniques utilized.
Conclusions. Thus, in light of these results, in the clinical practice of the type IV bone one technique is replaceable with the others, as none of them improves implant stability. The choice should instead be directed to the technique that accelerates the healing process and the osseointegration.
KEY WORDS: primary implant stability, resonance frequency analysis, implant site preparation.